Are All Bunions Treated the Same Way?
A bump, or bunion, on the inside of the big toe is caused by an outward protrusion of the bones at the base of the big toe. When these bones angle outwardly, rather than being in a linear alignment, they force the big toe to lean towards the second toe instead of pointing straight ahead. The severity of the deformity and its symptoms will dictate its treatment method. A podiatrist may try to change the patient’s footwear and use padding or corrective devices inside the shoe to help guide a mild bunion deformity back into normal alignment. Pain may be alleviated with over-the-counter medicine. More severe misalignment and intense pain may require a surgical intervention (bunionectomy). A bunionectomy removes swollen tissue, straightens the big toe, and re-aligns the bones in the big toe joint. If you have a painful and unsightly bunion, contact a podiatrist for an evaluation and consultation regarding your treatment options
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and tenderness
- Callus or corns on the bump
- Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Thousand Oaks, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.