How Bunions Develop

Bunions, medically known as hallux valgus, are bony bumps that form at the base of the big toe. They develop when the bones in the front part of the foot move out of place, while the tip of the big toe pulls toward the smaller toes. This forces the joint at the base of the big toe to stick out.  Over time, the movement of the big toe toward the others creates a noticeable bump, which can become painful due to inflammation or arthritis within the joint. It may require treatment ranging from padded shoes and orthotics to surgery. Certain people are genetically predisposed to develop bunions, whereas other cases of bunions may develop due to ill-fitting footwear. High heels or shoes with a narrow toe box can exacerbate this condition. Additionally, conditions like arthritis can also contribute to bunion development by weakening and damaging the cartilage in the joint. If you have a bunion, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist for treatment options and to prevent it from worsening. 

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Advanced Foot & Ankle Medical Center . Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Thousand Oaks, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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