The Achilles tendon is the band of tissues that connects the back of the calf muscles to the heel bone. Common causes of pain primarily consist of ruptures and tendonitis. During a tear or rupture of the Achilles tendon, some of the fibers may remain connected (partial tear) or tear completely. Ruptures are likely to occur when there is a sudden increase in exercise and may be signaled by a popping or snapping sound, pain in the back of the legs, or swelling around the heel. Achilles tendonitis occurs when the tendon becomes inflamed, resulting in pain, stiffness, or swelling. Achilles tendonitis can occur from excessive strain, tight calf muscles, or not warming up before exercising. If you are experiencing pain in your Achilles tendon it is recommended to have it checked by a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis.
Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Advanced Foot & Ankle Medical Center . Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is the Achilles Tendon?
The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.
What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?
There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.
Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms
- Dull to severe pain
- Increased blood flow to the tendon
- Thickening of the tendon
- Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
- Total immobility
Treatment and Prevention
Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:
- Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
- Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Thousand Oaks, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.